Coups de coeur

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    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    « Meticulously researched by a senior private banker now turned historian, No More Champagne reveals for the first time the full extent of the iconic British war leader's private struggle to maintain a way of life instilled by his upbringing and expected of his public position. Lough uses Churchill's own most private records, many never researched before, to chronicle his family's chronic shortage of money, his own extravagance, and his recurring losses from gambling or trading in shares and currencies. Churchill tried to keep himself afloat by borrowing to the hilt, putting off bills, and writing "all over the place"; when all else failed, he had to ask family or friends to come to the rescue. Yet within five years of the war, he had taken advantage of his worldwide celebrity to transform his private fortunes with the same ruthlessness as he waged war, reaching 1945 with today's equivalent of £3 million in the bank. His lucrative war memoirs were still to come. Throughout the story, Lough highlights the threads of risk, energy, persuasion, and sheer willpower to survive that link Churchill's private and public lives. He shows how constant money pressures often tempted him to short-circuit the ethical standards expected of public figures in his day before usually pulling back to put duty first-except where the taxman was involved. »

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    „Im Kalten Krieg existierten in Westeuropa zahlreiche Untergrundorganisationen, die im Fall eines sowjetischen Überfalls hinter der Front als Partisanen Sabotageaktionen ausführen sollten. Dazu wurden Kämpfer geschult und geheime Erddepots mit Waffen, Sprengstoff und Funkgeräten angelegt. In der Bundesrepublik unterstand diese Stay-Behind-Truppe dem Auslandsnachrichtendienst BND, der eigentlich im Inland gar nicht aktiv werden sollte. Das alles geschah hinter dem Rücken der dafür zuständigen parlamentarischen Kontrollgremien, denn auch ein möglicher Putsch gegen gewählte Politiker wurde erwogen. Erst Anfang der 1990er Jahre flogen die illegalen Netzwerke auf. Es dauerte mehr als 20 Jahre, bis der BND Akten über seine Geheimarmee freigab und Interviews mit ehemaligen SBO-Mitarbeitern zuließ. Anhand dieser Materialien und umfangreicher CIA-Akten geben die Autoren nun einen genauen Einblick in die Aktivitäten, Personalstrukturen und Operationsszenarien der dubiosen Geheimorganisationen und fragen nach dem Funktionieren demokratischer Kontrollmechanismen.“

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    „Diese Geschichte der arabischen Welt behandelt den Zeitraum des 20. Jahrhunderts, vom Beginn des Ersten Weltkriegs bis zum Ausbruch der "Dritten Arabischen Revolte" ab 2011. Im Mittelpunkt der Darstellung steht die Entwicklung aller 22 Mitgliedsländer der Arabischen Liga. Die Einzeldarstellungen sind in die politischen, wirtschaftlichen, kulturellen und religiösen Zusammenhänge innerhalb der arabischen Welt als ganzer sowie in den Kontext der internationalen Politik seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs eingebettet. Ein eigenes Kapitel ist der Rolle Deutschlands im Nahen Osten gewidmet. Ein Ausblick auf das 21. Jahrhundert "der Araber" projiziert die Ergebnisse der historischen Untersuchung in die Zukunft.“

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    “Once a sleeping giant, China today is the world's fastest growing economy--the leading manufacturer of cell phones, laptop computers, and digital cameras--a dramatic turn-around that alarms many Westerners. But in China: Fragile Superpower, Susan L. Shirk opens up the black box of Chinese politics and finds that the real danger lies elsewhere--not in China's astonishing growth, but in the deep insecurity of its leaders. China's leaders face a troubling paradox: the more developed and prosperous the country becomes, the more insecure and threatened they feel. Shirk, a former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State responsible for China, knows many of today's Chinese rulers personally and has studied them for three decades. She offers invaluable insight into how they think--and what they fear. In this revealing book, readers see the world through the eyes of men like President Hu Jintao and former President Jiang Zemin. We discover a fragile communist regime desperate to survive in a society turned upside down by miraculous economic growth and a stunning new openness to the greater world. Indeed, ever since the 1989 pro-democracy protests in Tiananmen Square and the fall of communism in the Soviet Union, Chinese leaders have been afraid of its own citizens, and this fear motivates many of their decisions when dealing with the U.S. and other nations. In particular, the fervent nationalism of the Chinese people, combined with their passionate resentment of Japan and attachment to Taiwan, have made relations with this country a minefield. The paperback edition features a new preface by the author.”

    • Sélection de la Médiathèque

    «The indie movie’s title is Mexican slang for those with light skin, such as the middle-class protagonists featured. It's set in 1999, in Mexico City, when the students rebel against the university. It opens in the coastal city of Vera Cruz, as the light-skinned 13-year-old Tomás has dropped a water balloon from his rooftop onto the head of a passing stranger. His dark-skinned mom thereby sends the troubled kid to Mexico City to live with his more mature university student older brother Sombra. Sombra is a withdrawn scholar, who refuses to aid his fellow students in their demonstrations against the school administration. He lives in a filthy high-rise apartment with his roommate, Santos. Ana is the politically committed to the student cause radio DJ Tomás has a futile crush on, as he welcomes the protest movement with open arms to impress her. These three are all gueros and are curious about the legendary (fictional) Bob Dylan-like protest singer Epigmenio Cruz of the 1960s, who has mysteriously vanished. His music was soothing to Tomás as a child.The melodrama turns into a road movie, as during the student strike the foursome of Ana, the roommates and the brothers, drive aimlessly around at a leisurely pace hoping to track down the reclusive legend.»

    • Sélection de la Médiathèque

    « Documentary about global warming and two regions united by a gloomily common destiny despite being 20,000km apart, isn’t the aggressive polemic you might have hoped for—but is, perhaps, all the better for it. Dividing his time equally between the inhabitants of Thule, Greenland, and those of Tuvalu in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, von Gunten accumulates two absorbing pictures of daily life, highlighting cultural similarities between the people residing in these appreciably contrasting paradises. »

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    “At least since the Islamic revolution of 1979 in Iran, political Islam or Islamism has been the focus of attention among scholars, policymakers, and the general public. Much has been said about Islamism as a political and moral/ethical trend, but scant attention is paid to its ongoing development. There is now a growing acknowledgment within the scholarly and policy communities that Islamism is in the throes of transformation, but little is known about the nature and direction of these changes. The essays of Post-Islamism bring together young and established scholars and activists from different parts of the Muslim World and the West to discuss their research on the changing discourses and practices of Islamist movements and Islamic states largely in the Muslim majority countries. The changes in these movements can be termed 'post-Islamism,' defined both as a condition and a project characterized by the fusion of religiosity and rights, faith and freedom, Islam and liberty. Post-Islamism emphasizes rights rather than merely obligation, plurality instead of singular authoritative voice, historicity rather than fixed scriptures, and the future instead of the past.”

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    “In this brilliant exploration of our cosmic environment, the renowned particle physicist and New York Times bestselling author of Warped Passages and Knocking on Heaven’s Door uses her research into dark matter to illuminate the startling connections between the furthest reaches of space and life here on Earth. Sixty-six million years ago, an object the size of a city descended from space to crash into Earth, creating a devastating cataclysm that killed off the dinosaurs, along with three-quarters of the other species on the planet. What was its origin? In Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs, Lisa Randall proposes it was a comet that was dislodged from its orbit as the Solar System passed through a disk of dark matter embedded in the Milky Way. In a sense, it might have been dark matter that killed the dinosaurs. Working through the background and consequences of this proposal, Randall shares with us the latest findings—established and speculative—regarding the nature and role of dark matter and the origin of the Universe, our galaxy, our Solar System, and life, along with the process by which scientists explore new concepts. In Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs, Randall tells a breathtaking story that weaves together the cosmos’ history and our own, illuminating the deep relationships that are critical to our world and the astonishing beauty inherent in the most familiar things.”

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    “The book is an introduction to the science and possible applications of Graphene, the first one-atom-thick crystalline form of matter. Discovered in 2004 by now Nobelists Geim and Novoselov, the single layer of graphite, a hexagonal network of carbon atoms, has astonishing electrical and mechanical properties. It supports the highest electrical current density of any material, far exceeding metals copper and silver. Its absolute minimum thickness, 0.34 nanometers, provides an inherent advantage in possible forms of digital electronics past the era of Moore's Law. The book describes the unusual physics of the material, that it offers linear rather than parabolic energy bands. The Dirac-like electron energy bands lead to high constant carrier speed, similar to light photons. The lattice symmetry further implies a two-component wave-function, which has a practical effect of cancelling direct backscattering of carriers. The resulting high carrier mobility allows observation of the Quantum Hall Effect at room temperature, unique to Graphene. The material is two-dimensional, but in sizes micrometers nearly to meters displays great tensile strength but vanishing resistance to bending. The book reviews theoretical predictions of excessive atomic vibrational motion, tied to the dimensionality. As explained, these predictions seem not of practical consequence, and such effects are unobservable in samples up to nearly one meter size. The disintegration temperature of this refractory material is estimated as 4900K, certainly higher than the measured sublimation temperature of graphite, 3900K. As explained, applications of Graphene come in classes that range from additives to composite materials to field effect transistor elements capable of extremely high frequency operation. The classes of applications correlate with differing methods of fabrication, from inexpensive chemical exfoliations of graphite, to chemical vapour deposition on catalytic substrates as Cu and Ni, at temperatures around 1300K. The book reviews potential applications within existing electronics, to include interconnect wires, flash-memory elements, and high frequency field effect transistors. The chance to supplant the dominant CMOS family of silicon logic devices is assessed.”

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    « À travers dix chapitres essentiellement thématiques, à l’exception des deux premiers qui s’inscrivent dans une dimension à proprement parler historique, ces Regards sur l’Amérique retracent les grandes trajectoires et les dynamiques caractéristiques qui sous-tendent l’identité des États-Unis. Au croisement de l’histoire, de la civilisation et de la littérature, ces Regards se déploient à travers une sélection variée de documents qui s’efforcent de présenter l’Amérique sous un jour un peu moins familier que celui sous lequel elle apparaît le plus souvent. Les sources premières sélectionnées prennent la forme d’extraits de textes de loi, de discours, de lettres et de témoignages ou d’articles, ou encore d’extraits littéraires, de poèmes, chansons et documents iconographiques, etc., qui évoquent dans la langue d’origine les temps forts de plus de quatre siècles d’une histoire en constante mutation. Nécessairement subjectifs, ces Regards mettent ainsi sous les feux de la rampe des individus qui par leurs écrits, leurs œuvres ou leur rôle et leur implication politiques, ont chacun contribué à façonner une Américanité kaléidoscopique, contrastée et titanesque. (…) »

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    « Ce dictionnaire ne se limite ni à l'écologie politique, ni à l'écologie scientifique, ni à l'écologisme, mais rassemble au contraire toutes les réflexions, les constructions conceptuelles et les pistes d'actions que peuvent inspirer l'état de la planète et le fonctionnement de la Biosphère. Il embrasse donc un spectre très large de disciplines - des sciences dures à la réflexion philosophique - et de collaborateurs, dont la plupart sont issus du milieu académique. Il comporte 357 articles et 260 auteurs. On y trouvera des développements sur des notions clé, sur des livres qui ont joué un rôle déterminant ou sur des auteurs : par exemple des articles sur l'Anthropocène, le système Terre, la finitude, les monnaies complémentaires, les droits humains, la démocratie, le livre de W. Catton, Overshoot, ou celui de J. Passmore, Man's Responsibility for Nature, sur Elysée Reclus, Vladimir Vernadsky ou Gandhi »

    • Sélection de la Médiathèque

    « Set in 1930s Suffolk, it revolves around the struggles of an eccentric family to hang on to their decaying castle, seen through the eyes of the 17-year-old younger daughter. The film is shot with that green British palette that makes everything look damp and makes us imagine the sheets will be clammy. The countryside is unspeakably picturesque, and the girls flourish here. Cassandra’s frequent narration – taken from her diary entries – introduces us to her shambling, bohemian family: the father, a novelist who, 10 years on, has yet to follow up his one, wildly successful book; the stepmother, an artist given to stripping naked in the countryside in an effort to contact her muse; a younger brother; and an older sister named Rose (Byrne), a ravishing redhead going a little batty from their intensely isolated, intensely impoverished existence at a crumbling Suffolk castle. That all changes when two American brothers – the plainspoken, cowboyish Neil and the elder, more serious-minded Simon – stumble onto their property one rainy night. »

    • Sélection de la Médiathèque

    « An examination of America's obesity epidemic and the food industry's role in aggravating it. The film blows the lid off everything that was known about food and exercise, revealing a 30-year campaign by the food industry, aided by the U.S. government, to mislead and confuse the American public. Exposing the hidden truths contributing to one of the largest health epidemics in history, it follows a group of families battling to lead healthier lives and reveals why the conventional wisdom of 'exercise and eat right' is not ringing true for millions of people. In den späten 1970ern wird Amerika grassierender Fettleibigkeit gewahr. Die Antwort darauf sind fettreduzierte Speisen der Industrie, die Joggingwelle, und der Siegeszug von Aerobic. Trotzdem vervielfacht sich die Zahl adipöser Menschen und darunter besonders vieler Kinder in den kommenden Jahren drastisch. Der Grund dafür ist Zucker, der in rauen Mengen Junk Food wie Fertigessen, Dosenfutter, Soft Drinks, Chips oder Cornflakes beigemengt wird. Als sich Widerstand dagegen regt, schickt die Industrie ihre Trickser und Lobbyisten. »

    • Sélection de la Médiathèque

    « 25 years ago, Louis Sarno, an American, heard a song on the radio and followed its melody into the Central Africa Jungle and stayed. He than recorded over 1000 hours of original BaAka music. Now he is part of the BaAka community and raises his pygmy son, Samedi. Fulfilling an old promise, Louis takes Samedi to America. On this journey Louis realizes he is not part of this globalized world anymore but globalization has also arrived in the rainforest. »

    • Sélection de la Médiathèque

    « Der Dokumentarfilm begleitet Studenten der Polizeischule Sachsen-Anhalt während ihres ersten Ausbildungsjahres und ihres Praktikums auf Streife. Dort werden die Menschen geformt, die Recht und Ordnung verteidigen sollen. Nicht alle Polizeianwärter sind dem Druck der Entscheidungen gewachsen, die der Berufsalltag mit sich bringt. Häufig weicht anfänglicher Idealismus der Ernüchterung, wenn sich die Studenten mit rechtsradikalen Demonstranten oder häuslicher Gewalt herumschlagen müssen. »

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    « Mirko et Tommaso vivent à Milan et sont orphelins depuis quelques mois. Agés de 11 et 17 ans, ils vivent seuls, rendant compte de leurs moindres dépenses à leur tuteur, leur oncle qui habite à Pavie. Un jour, Mirko veut aller voir un match de football à Madrid, mais le voyage coûte 1.200 euros. Un roman sur l'adolescence, le deuil et la fraternité. »

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    „Professor Wolfgang Haber, Vorkämpfer und seit vier Jahrzehnten wichtigster wissenschaftlicher Exponent des Natur- und Landschaftsschutzes in Deutschland, setzt sich in dieser umfassenden und aktuellen Übersicht kritisch mit der Wechselbeziehung zwischen landwirtschaftlicher Nutzung und dem Schutz von ländlichen Lebensräumen auseinander. Getreu seinem Credo, dass es eine nicht umweltbelastende Landwirtschaft nicht geben kann, entwirft Haber das Leitbild einer multifunktionalen Landwirtschaft mit einer differenzierten Boden- und Landnutzung, die den Zielen der Erzeugung hochwertiger und sicherer Nahrungsmittel ebenso verpflichtet ist wie der Erhaltung der ländlichen Kulturlandschaft und ihrer vielfältigen Biotope. In einem Spannungsbogen, der vom Beginn der Landwirtschaft im Neolithikum bis hin zur heutigen staatlich gelenkten Agrarindustrie reicht, zeichnet er Entwicklungen und Prozesse nach, die unsere heutige Kulturlandschaft geformt haben und analysiert ihren Einfluss auf die Nachhaltigkeit der Landnutzung, die biologische Vielfalt und die Leistungsfähigkeit der Ökosysteme von Ackerland, Grünland und Sonderkulturen wie Obst- und Weinbau. Zahlreiche Fallbeispiele aus Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz sowie eine Vielzahl von aktuellen Daten runden das Werk ab und liefern wertvolles Material für eine sachliche Auseinandersetzung mit einem Thema, welches völlig zu Recht immer stärker in den öffentlichen Diskurs Eingang findet.“

    • Sélection non luxembourgeoise

    „Wie und wann bildete sich die weiße Kreideküste von Dover, wie entstanden die schroffen Gipfel der Alpen oder des Urals? Welche Prozesse formten die Fjordküsten in Skandinavien oder die osteuropäischen Ebenen? Kompakt und verständlich erklärt Graham Park, wie der Kontinent Europa entstand. Das Buch besticht durch seine moderne Aufmachung und anschauliche Darstellung mit vielen farbigen Illustrationen, Fotos und Übersichtskarten. Es eignet sich ausgezeichnet für Einsteiger in die Thematik.“

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