"Over the last ten years the city of Hangzhou, China has tripled in size and gained over a million people in population. From 2003-2008 over three thousand images were taken and divided into patterns of reoccurring visual phenomenon. The resulting photographic catalog presents a developing city codified along the edges of its own physical utterances. the city’s vast architectural eclecticism; graffiti advertising; the tenuous relationship of architecture and signage; climate control and cultural desire all collide in an orgy of permissiveness in a city once renown for its tranquil beauty. The case study of Hangzhou is indicative of the rapid physical evolution and concurrent social transformation that is taking place in many of China's urban centers; it also provides lessons for a globalizing world and its increasingly frivolous commoditization of public space."